- EIA estimates that crude oil production in Sudan and South Sudan averaged about 425,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2011
- 1995 - CNPC signed an agreement with the Sudanese government to develop Block 6 in Muglad Basin
- 1999 - The Greater Nile Oil Pipeline was commissioned
- 2000 - Khartoum Refinery became operational on with a designed capacity of 2.5 million metric tons per annum
- 2006 - Khartoum Refinery capacity was boosted to 5.0 million metric tons per annum
- Today, nearly all the oil produced in Sudan and South Sudan originates from the Muglad Basin (Blocks 1, 2, and 4, Block 5A, Block 6, and Block 17) and Melut Basin (Blocks 3 and 7). Currently, oil produced from Blocks 2, 4, 6, and 17 is counted as Sudan's production, while oil from Blocks 1, 3, and 7 belongs to South Sudan.
- Foreign companies, primarily from Asia, dominate Sudan's oil sector. They are led by the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), India's Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and Malaysia's Petronas. These companies hold the largest stakes in the leading consortia operating in both countries
- South Sudan exports two major oil streams: the Nile Blend and Dar Blend. Nile is a medium, sweet crude while the Dar Blend is a heavy, sour crude.
- There are no LNG terminals in Sudan
- The Khartoum Refinery is the largest refinery in Sudan with capacity of 100,000 bpd