St Croix Refinery
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Hess Refineries

PDVSA Refineries

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Summary Information

  • The refinery has been closed down, but may restart in 2019
  • Ownership: HOVENSA, Hess Corporation and Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA)
  • Website:
  • Location: St. Croix in the United States Virgin Islands
  • Capacity: 17.5 million tons/annum & 350,000 bbl/day
  • Nelson Complexity:
  • Refining Depth:

Brief Description

  • A very large and complex refinery able to process a range of crudes and produce clean specification fuels.

Refining Units

Terminal Capacity

  • Crude Oil:
  • Refined Products:
  • Total: 32 million barrels of crude oil and petroleum products

Crude Supply

  • The refinery processes a variety of crudes

Products Produced

  • Gasoline, diesel, home heating oil, jet fuel, kerosene and residual fuel oil.

Ongoing Projects

  • The refinery is to be reconfigured to process light crude from the USA

Other Information

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  • 1966 - Refinery is commissioned with 45,000 bpd capacity
  • 1974 - Capacity increased to 650,000 bpd, making it the largest refinery in the world
  • 1981 - The original crude unit was converted into a visbreaker
  • 1993 - Addition of FCC
  • 2002 - Coker commissioned
  • 2007 - Clean gasoline project completed
  • 2011 - Refinery capacity reduced to 350,000 bbl / day
  • 2012 - HOVENSA Announces Closure of St. Croix Refinery
  • 2014 - Atlantic Basin Refining agrees to acquire the refinery
  • 2018 - Agreement signed to restart refinery

Relevant Links

  1. Hovensa Restarts St. Croix Refinery Catalytic Cracker
  2. Hovensa, USA (MED Turnkey Plant)
  3. HOVENSA L.L.C. to Close Some Units and Reduce Crude Oil Distillation Capacity
  4. HOVENSA Announces Closure of St. Croix Refinery
  5. Atlantic Basin Refining, Inc. (ABR) Announces Agreement In Principle to Acquire Hovensa LLC in the U.S.V.I.
  6. Limetree Bay Refining Reaches Agreement in Principle on Restart of St. Croix Refinery

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