- Natural-gas condensate is a low-density mixture of hydrocarbon liquids that are present as gaseous components in the raw natural gas produced from many natural gas fields. It condenses out of the raw gas if the temperature is reduced to below the hydrocarbon dew point temperature of the raw gas.
- The natural gas condensate is also referred to as simply condensate, or gas condensate, or sometimes natural gasoline because it contains hydrocarbons within the gasoline boiling range. Raw natural gas may come from any one of three types of gas wells.
- Crude oil wells—Raw natural gas that comes from crude oil wells is called Associated Gas. This gas can exist separate from the crude oil in the underground formation, or dissolved in the crude oil.
- Dry gas wells—These wells typically produce only raw natural gas that does not contain any hydrocarbon liquids. Such gas is called non-associated gas.
- Condensate wells—These wells produce raw natural gas along with natural gas liquid. Such gas is also non-associated gas and often referred to as wet gas.
- The condensate is usually removed from the natural gas at a processing plant close to the production site, which also removes impurities such as water and sulphur and produces pipeline quality natural gas.
- See also Oil And Gas Processing Plants
- These plants may also produce light products such as Ethane or LPG
- Condensate can either be processed in a refinery, or in a special type of refinery called a condensate splitter
- A condensate splitter is a refinery that processes only Natural Gas Condensates. It only consists of distillation and specification improvement units, as condensate has no heavy residual products that need cracking.