Druzhba Pipeline

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Summary Information

  • Source: West Siberian oilfields in Russia
  • Destination: Eastern & Central Europe
  • Ownership: Transneft
  • Website: http://www.transneft.ru/
  • Length: 8.900 kilometres ( miles)
  • Capacity: 2 Million barrels of oil per day
  • Crude Type: Urals

The Route

  • The Druzhba line begins in South Eastern Russia, where it collects oil from Western Siberia, the Urals and, to a smaller extent, the Caspian Sea. Most of the crude oil is blended to a common export blend referred to as Russian Export Blend (REB), or Urals Blend. The line runs to Mozyr in Belarus where it splits into two branches, the Northern and Southern Druzhba lines.
  • The Northern Druzhba line runs from Mozyr to Adamowo in Poland, and from Adamowo onwards to Plock refinery, in Poland. Here the line connects with the Pomeranian pipeline, which runs from Plock to Gdansk refinery. The Druzhba pipeline continues across Poland to Heinersdorf in Germany where it splits into branches running to the Schwedt and Leuna refineries, respectively. At Heinersdorf, the Druzhba pipeline ties in with the Rostock-Schwedt pipeline
  • The Southern Druzhba line runs from Mozyr to Brody in Ukraine, and then on to Uzhgorod close to the border of Ukraine with both the Slovak Republic and Hungary. At Uzhgorod the Southern Druzhba splits into two lines, Druzhba-1, which feeds the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic, and Druzhba-2 which feeds Hungary.
  • Druzhba-1 passes into The Slovak Republic and runs from Budkovce to Sahy, and then on to Bratislava refinery. Close to Bratislava, at Bucany, the line splits again with one branch continuing to Bratislava and the other running to the Czech Republic where it connects to the Czech refineries Pardubice, Kralupy and Litvinov.
  • The Druzhba-2 section passes from Uzhgorod into Hungary and runs from Fenyeslitke to Szazhalombatta refinery. Here the pipeline connects with the Adria Crude Oil Pipeline
  • There is also a connection between Szazhalombatta and Sahy, connecting Druzhba-1 and Druzhba-2.
  • The pipeline route crosses the Volga, Oka, Dnieper, Dniester, Vistula, the Danube, hundreds of small rivers, thousands of roads and railways through the swamps of Polesie, Carpathian Mountains.

Refineries Supplied


  • 1962 - The Druzhba Pipeline is commissioned
  • 2013 - Rosneft signs long term crude contracts with European refiners
  • 2015 - The capacity of the Hungary - Slovakia branch increased to 6 million tons from 3.5 million tons

Other Information


  1. Oil And Gas Pipelines In Russia
  2. Reuters Factbox
  3. Study on the Technical Aspects of Variable Use of Oil Pipelines - Coming into the EU from Third Countries
  4. Gazprom and Slovakia celebrate anniversaries of cooperation in energy sector
  5. Rosneft Signs Long-Term Supply Deals via Druzhba Pipeline
  6. MOL Group and Transpetrol Completed the Reconstruction of the Friendship I/Adria Oil Pipeline

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