- Bahrain, the oldest oil producer in the Persian Gulf, exports much of its oil in the form of refined petroleum products rather than crude oil.
- Bahrain has modest natural gas reserves, and it consumes all the natural gas that it produces.
- 1936 - The Bahrain Refinery - with a capacity of 10,000 barrels per day - opened
- The National Oil and Gas Authority is the Government's body in Bahrain responsible for regulation, policy and control of the nation's hydrocarbon assets.
- Bahrain's proven oil reserves stood at 125 million barrels as of January 2011, according to Oil and Gas Journal, all of which are located in the Awali Oil Field.
- In addition to the 46,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) produced in its territory, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia share the 300,000 bbl/d of oil production from the offshore Abu Safah Oil Field. This figure is counted in Saudi oil production figures, but half of the output is allocated to Bahrain.
- Bahrain's proven natural gas reserves stood at 3.25 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) as of January 2011, according to Oil and Gas Journal, much of it associated gas from the Awali oil field. In 2009, the country produced and consumed 444 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas.
- Bahrain's oil sector is dominated by state-owned Bahrain Petroleum Company (Bapco), which is charged with the exploration, production, refining, marketing, and distribution of Bahraini oil for domestic use and the international market.
- A pipeline brings crude oil from Saudi Arabia to the Bapco Sitrah Refinery
- A new project, The New Arabia Oil Pipeline will replace this existing pipeline when completed
- There is a plan to build an LNG terminal, the Bapco Bahrain LNG Terminal
- There is one refinery in Bahrain, the 250,000 bpd Bapco Sitrah Refinery
- In 2011, a base oil plant was commissioned at the refinery, a JV with Neste
- National Oil & Gas Authority
- Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO)
- The Bahrain National Gas Company (B.S.C.)
- EIA, Bahrain
- Google Earth map of the oil and gas infrastructure in Bahrain